Farnese Palace

Commissioned by Cardinal Farnese, this Palace was renovated by Jacopo da Vignola (started in 1530, continuing through 1553-56). Located in Caprarola, in the midst of a verdant landscape, Farnese Palace is an example of the integration of architecture with nature. It has two formal gardens one for winter and one for summer; and as it first designed by Peruzzi and Sangallo the Younger, it features a pentagonal plan used earlier as a fortress.

This design shares similarities with Bramante's Belvedere courtyard and House of Raphael. Note the following:

-grand stair case at entrance, innovative and useful in accomodating coaches
-more elaborate fenestration on the facade
-increase in ornamentation
-circular, colonnaded courtyard
-rusticated base
-ionic orders above a story with no columns
-bays and niches
-paired columns in the courtyard
-complex layering
-contrast between complex lower story and flat upper story

With the design of Farnese Palace, Vignola succeeds in classicizing Mannerism.

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