Palazzo dell'Aquila, Raphael
Raphael was born in Urbino (1483) and died in Rome (1520). He is known for his paintings, especially the Stanze della Signatura in the Vatican Palace, which was commissioned by Pope Julius II. Raphael was elevated from a painter to an architect when Julius asked him to take over St. Peter's. The Palazzo dell'Aquila was begun in 1515 and finished in 1520. Unfortunately, it has been destroyed. It featured:
-elaborate surface design, Mannerist style
-texture and decoration vs. House of Raphael, where decoration is confined to balustrades and pediments
-contrast between ground floor and piano nobile
-columns underneath empty niches
The relationship between solids and voids in unusual and complex, as is the rhythm created by placing niches over columns and next to windows. The facade here marks a shift from fortified domestic buildings to an ornamented triumphal arch like structure. The Palazzo Spada is a mid 16th century palace, built by Bartolomeo Baronino and modified in 1632 by Borromini, which resembles dell'Aquila.
Mannerism refers to a period (16th century) between the classical harmony of the Renaissance and the dramatic Baroque, when exuberant and curvaceous decoration responded to and evolved from the ratios and geometry of earlier architecture.